6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases

Where we are

 Photo: HIV Testing at MDG Fair, Dangriga Town, Belize

2012 Update

 

 

Belize has made remarkable progress in reversing the spread of HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Tuberculosis.

Successes

 

 

Belize has achieved a reduction of 82 per cent in the number of malaria positive cases between 2000 and 2008 exceeding the expected target of 50 per cent for 2010. Belize is on track to achieve the malaria and TB related objectives by 2015.

The incidence of malaria cases per 1,000 persons in the population fell significantly from 49.3 in 1994 to 1.7 in 2008. Belize is on track to achieve the target of halting the spread of malaria by 2015.

In fighting HIV/AIDS new infections of HIV are down. In 2009, the total number of newly diagnosed HIV infections was 365, indicating a relative decrease of 14 per cent from 2008. There is also progress in access to treatment and coverage rate, which has increased from 48.7 per cent in 2007 to 50 per cent in 2008, and to 62 per cent at the end of 2009. Moreover, 89 per cent of pregnant women receive HIV testing, and 48 / 52 newborns receive prophylaxis.

There has been significant progress in reducing the incidence rate of malaria infection. The rate went from 43.5 per 1,000 population in 1995 to 5.9 in 2000 (1,486 positive cases), 3.8 in 2004, and 1.7 in 2008 (540 positive cases).

The Ministry of Health’s investment in early detection and treatment systems to control chronic diseases has showed marked gains.

The prevalence rate for TB went down from 78 (1990) to 26.7 per 100,000 in 2009. Belize is on track to meet the TB target.

Priorities

There are not sufficient public awareness initiatives on HIV/AIDS and against HIV stigma, making this an important priority for increased focus.

UNDP's work in Belize

National MDG Target Achievement

GOAL 6: COMBAT HIV/AIDS, MALARIA AND OTHER DISEASES

Summary Scorecard - Belize Achievements and Challenges at a Glance

Goals, Targets and Indicators

Baseline

2009

Target 2015

Progress to 2015

 

 

Target

Achievement

 

 

Target 7: Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS

 

 

 

 

 

HIV prevalence population 15-24 (%)

None

 

0.77% (2009)

None

No Trend data available

Target 8: By 2015, halt tuberculosis and Malaria

 

 

 

 

 

Incidence of malaria (cases per 1,000 population)

49.3 (1994)

 

1.7 (2008)

 

On track (dramatic reduction)

Incidence of tuberculosis (cases per 100,000)

49 (1990)

 

24.7 (2009)

None

On track

Prevalence rate of tuberculosis (cases per 100,000)

78 (1990)

 

26.7 (2009)

 

On track; high degree of vigilance needed

 

1.68 years
remaining
until 2015

1990 2015
Targets for MDG6
  1. Halt and begin to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS
    • HIV prevalence among population aged 15-24 years
    • Condom use at last high-risk sex
    • Proportion of population aged 15-24 years with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS
    • Ratio of school attendance of orphans to school attendance of non-orphans aged 10-14 years
  2. Achieve, by 2010, universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS for all those who need it
    • Proportion of population with advanced HIV infection with access to antiretroviral drugs